Wednesday Jun 28
1)  Alabama Crimson Tide- 15 claimed national championships (10 national polls) and 35 bowl victories.
First season: 1892
Last championship: 2012
All-Time Win %: .733
Current conference: SEC
Defining Coach: Bear Bryant
Top 15 NFL Alumni:
Bart Starr, Joe Namath, John Hannah, Don Hutson, Ozzie Newsome, Derrick Thomas, Dwight Stevenson, Ken Stabler, Chris Samuels, Bob Baumhower, Cornelius Bennett, Lee Roy Jordan, Shaun Alexander, E.J. Junior, Julio Jones.
2)  Notre Dame Fighting Irish- 11 claimed national championships (8 national polls) and 15 bowl victories.
First season: 1887
Last championship: 1988
All-Time Win %: .726
Current conference: Independent
Defining Coaches: Knute Rockne, Frank Leahy, Lou Holtz
Top 20 NFL Alumni:
Joe Montana, Alan Page, Tim Brown, Paul Hornung, Curly Lambeau, Nick Buoniconti, Dave Casper, Joe Theismann, George Trafton, Wayne Millner, George Conner, Jerome Bettis, George Kunz, Ricky Watters, Bryant Young, Bob Kuechenberg, Daryle Lamonica, Justin Tuck, Mark Bavaro, Bob Toneff.
3)  USC Trojans- 11 claimed national championships (7 national polls including vacated 2004 season) and 32 bowl victories.
First season: 1888
Last championship: 2004 (vacated)
All-Time Win %: .708
Current conference: Pac-12
Defining Coaches: Howard Jones, John McKay, Pete Carroll
Top 30 NFL Alumni:
Ronnie Lott, O.J. Simpson, Bruce Matthews, Junior Seau, Troy Polamalu, Marcus Allen, Anthony Muñoz, Ron Yary, Lynn Swann, Clay Matthews, Red Badgro, Frank Gifford, Ron Mix, Keyshawn Johnson, Marvin Powell, Willie Wood, Willie McGinest, Joey Browner, Tony Boselli, Dennis Smith, Tim McDonald, Jon Arnett, Rod Martin, Mark Sanchez, Carson Palmer, Chip Banks, Sam Cunningham, Mosi Tatupu, Lofa Tatupu, Matt Cassel.
4)  Oklahoma Sooners- 7 national championships (7 national polls) and 27 bowl victories.
First season: 1895
Last championship: 2000
All-Time Win %: .720
Current conference: Big 12
Defining Coaches: Bennie Owen, Barry Switzer
Top 10 NFL Alumni:
Lee Roy Selmon, Adrian Peterson, Ralph Neely, Bobby Boyd, Tommy McDonald, Greg Pruit, Billy Simms, Roy Williams, Keith Jackson, Tommie Harris.
5)  Michigan Wolverines- 11 claimed national championships (2 national polls) and 20 bowl victories.
First season: 1879
Last championship: 1997 (shared with Nebraska)
All-Time Win %: .732
Current conference: Big Ten
Defining Coaches: H. Fielding Yost, Bo Schembechler
Top 25 NFL Alumni:
Tom Brady, Charles Woodson, Len Ford, Dan Dierdorff, Tom Mack, Bill Hewitt, Mike Ken, Elroy Hirsch, Steve Hutchinson, Al Wistert, Ty Law, Anthony Carter, Trevor Price, Rick Volk, Joe Runyan, Randy Logan, Reggie McKenzie, Amani Toomer, Jake Long, Desmond Howard, Dave Brown, Jim Harbaugh, Ron Kramer, Jumbo Eliot, John Morrow.
6)  Ohio St Buckeyes- 8 national championships (6 national polls) and 21 bowl victories.
First season: 1890
Last championship: 2014
All-Time Win %: .738
Current conference: Big Ten
Defining Coach: Woody Hayes
Top 25 NFL Alumni:
Lou Groza, Orlando Pace, Jim Parker, Chris Carter, Paul Warfield, Bill Willis, Dante Lavelli, Jim Tyrer, Dick Schafrath, Eddie George, Jim Lachey, Jim Marshall, Mike Vrabel, Santonio Holmes, Nick Mangold, Randy Gradishar, Bob Vogel, Chris Spielman, Jack Tatum, Joey Gallaway, Terry Glenn, Dick LeBeau, A.J. Hawk, Pepper Johnson, Jim Houston.
7)  Nebraska Cornhuskers- 5 national championships (5 national polls) and 24 bowl victories.
First season: 1890
Last championship: 1997 (shared with Michigan)
All-Time Win %: .708
Current conference: Big Ten
Defining Coach: Tom Osbourne
Top 10 NFL Alumni:
Bob Brown, Will Shields Mike Tingelhoff, Irving Fryar, Ron McDole, Ndamukong Suh, Neil Smith, Ahman Green, Roger Craig, Pat Fischer.
8)  Miami Hurricanes- 5 national championships (5 national polls) and 18 bowl victories.
First season: 1926
Last championship: 2001
All-Time Win %: .641
Current conference: ACC
Defining Coaches: Jimmy Johnson, Dennis Erickson
Top 30 NFL Alumni:
Ray Lewis, Jim Otto, Michael Irvin, Warren Sapp, Jim Kelly, Ted Hendricks, Ed Reed, Reggie Wayne, Edgerrin James, Andre Johnson, Devin Hester, Clinton Portis, Cortez Kennedy, Frank Gore, Jeremy Shockey, Vince Wilfork, Vinny Testaverde, Santana Moss, Chuck Foreman, Ottis Anderson, Jon Beason, Willis McGahee, Dennis Harrah, Jessie Armstead, Jonathan Vilma, Jimmy Graham, Antrel Rolle, Bryant McKinnie, Jerome Brown, Kellen Winslow II.
9)  Texas Longhorns- 4 claimed national championships (4 national polls) and 27 bowl victories.
First season: 1893
Last championship: 2005
All-Time Win %: .709
Current conference: Big 12
Defining Coach: Darrell Royal
Top 15 NFL Alumni:
Earl Campbell, Bobby Layne, Steve McMichael, Bobby Dillon,Tommy Nobis, Priest Holmes, Ox Emerson, Bud McFadin, Ricky Williams, Raymond Clayborn, Diron Talbert, Eric Metcalf, Doug English, Vince Young, Jamaal Charles.
10)  Penn St Nittany Lions- 7 claimed national championships (2 national polls) and 27 bowl victories.
First season: 1887
Last championship: 1986
All-Time Win %: .688
Current Conference: Big Ten
Defining Coach: Joe Paterno
Top 15 NFL Alumni:
Jack Hamm, Franco Harris, Mike Muncheck, Lenny Moore, Mike Michalske, Steve Wisniewski, Kerry Collins, Lydell Mitchell, Rosey Grier, LaVar Arington, Stew Barber, Dave Robinson, Ted Kwalick, John Capiletti, NaVorro Bowman.
11)  Tennessee Volunteers- 6 claimed national championships (2 national polls) and 25 bowl victories.
First season: 1891
Last championship: 1998
All-Time Win %: .686
Current conference: SEC
Defining Coach: Robert Neyland
Top 25 NFL Alumni:
Peyton Manning, Reggie White, Doug Atkins, Al Wilson, Jamal Lewis, Jason Witten, Arian Foster, Stanley Morgan, Mike Stratton, Anthony Miller, Jack Reynolds, Dick Huffman, Terry McDaniel, Leonard Little, Carl Pickens, Dale Carter, Bill Bates, John Henderson, Travis Henry, Jerod Mayo, Chad Clifton, Shaun Ellis, Albert Haynesworth, Charlie Garner, Donte Stallworth.
12)  LSU Tigers- 4 claimed national championships (3 national polls) and 23 bowl victories.
First season: 1893
Last championship: 2007
All-Time Win %: .647
Current conference: SEC
Defining Coach: Charles McClendon
Top 15 NFL Alumni:
Y.A. Tittle, Jim Taylor, Alan Faneca, Johnny Robinson, Kevin Mawae, Bert Jones, Charley Hennigan, Billy Cannon, Patrick Peterson, Dwayne Bowe, Henry Thomas, Roy Winston, Tommy Casanova, Fred Miller, Kevin Faulk.
13)  Pittsburgh Panthers- 9 claimed national championships  (2 national polls) and 12 bowl victories.
First season: 1890
Last championship: 1976
All-Time Win %: .584
Current conference: Big East
Defining Coach: Glen "Pop" Warner, John "Jock" Sutherland
Top 20 NFL Alumni:
Dan Marino, Mike Ditka, Russ Grimm, Joe Schmidt, Tony Dorsett, Curtis Martin, Larry Fitzgerald, Darrell Revis, Ricky Jackson, Chris Doleman, Joe Stydahar, Ruben Brown, Mark Stepnoski, Bill Fralic, John Reger, Joe Flacco, Keith Hamilton, Andy Lee, Craig Heyward, LeSean McCoy.
14)  Florida Gators- 3 claimed national championships (3 national polls) and 20 bowl victories.
First season: 1906
Last championship: 2008
All-Time Win %: .623
Current conference: SEC
Defining Coach: Steve Spurrier, Urban Meyer
Top 15 NFL Alumni:
Emmitt Smith, Jack Youngblood, Lomas Brown, Wilbur Marshall, Wes Chandler, Fred Taylor, Kevin Carter, Jevon Kearse, Lito Sheppard, Chris Collinsworth, Rick Casares, John L. Williams, Nat Moore, Percy Harvin, Neal Anderson.
15)  Minnesota Golden Gophers- 6 claimed national championships (4 national polls) and 5 bowl victories.
First season: 1882
Last championship: 1960 (shared with Ole Miss)
All-Time Win %: .568
Current conference: Big Ten
Defining Coach: Bernie Bierman
Top 10 NFL Alumni:
Carl Eller, Bobby Bell, Bronko Nagurski, Leo Nomellini, Karl Mecklenburg, Charlie Sanders, Gino Cappelletti, Keith Fahnhorst, Marion Barber III, Rick Upchurch.


_Note: Princeton and Yale actually lead all schools in national championships with 26 and 18 respectively.  However, given the state of their current programs and the fact that most of these wins occurred at the turn of the century when far less teams were participating, they are not up for top 15 consideration.  The same applies to Harvard (10 championships) and Penn (4 championships).

Other elite NFL talent producers:
---Syracuse:
Jim Brown, Art Monk, Jim Ringo, Larry Csonka, John Mackey, Marvin Harrison, Walt Sweeney, Donavan McNabb, Dwight Freeney, Floyd Little, Jim Nance, Gary Anderson, Rob Burnett, Keith Bullock, Mike Williams.
---Florida St: Deion Sanders, Derrick Brooks, Walter Jones, Fred Biletnikoff, Warrick Dunn, Leroy Butler, Antonio Cromartie, Anquan Boldin, Brad Johnson, Samari Rolle, Darnell Dockett, Sebastian Janikowski, Javon Walker, Chris Hope, Laveranues Coles, Leon Washington, Peter Boulware, Rohn Stark, Tra Thomas.
---Purdue: Ron Woodson, Drew Brees, Bob Griese, Len Dawson, Erich Barnes, Jim Everett, Mike Alstott, Matt Light, Kyle Orton, Dick Barwegan, Erich Barnes, Dave Butz, Cris Dishman, Ed Flanagan, Abe Gibron.
---Georgia: Fran Tarkenton, Champ Bailey, Herschel Walker, Richard Seymour, Hines Ward, Terrell Davis, Jake Scott, Ray Donaldson, Bill Sanfill, Len Hauss, Mo Lewis, Guy McIntyre, Marcus Stroud, Matthew Stafford, A.J. Green, Geno Atkins.
---UCLA: Troy Aikman, Jonathan Ogden, Jimmy Johnson, Carnell Lake, Bob Waterfield, Maurice Jones-Drew, Ken Norton, Freeman McNeil, Kenny Easley, Randy Cross, Max Montoya, Donnie Edwards, Luis Sharpe, Jerry Robinson, Mercedes Lewis.
---Cal: Tony Gonzalez, Aaron Rodgers, Hardy Nickerson, Les Richter, Marshawn Lynch, Ed White, Perry Schwartz, Tarik Glenn, DeSean Jackson, Nnamdi Asomugha.
---NC State: Phillip Rivers, Torry Holt, Mario Williams, Roman Gabriel, Adrian Wilson, Mike Quick, Jerricho Cotchery, Vaughan Johnson, Dewayne Washington, Jim Ritcher.
---UNC: Lawrence Taylor, Julius Peppers, Chris Hanburger, Jeff Saturday, Harris Barton, William Fuller, Alge Crumpler, Ken Willard, Dre Bly, Greg Ellis, Hakeem Nicks, Vonnie Holliday, Jeff Reed, Sam Aiken, Willie Parker.

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Written by Ben Pogany

Since 2008, there have been two kinds of people in the world: those who insist The Wire is the greatest television series ever, and those who insist that it's totally at the top of their Netflix queue but they just haven’t had the time to get around to it yet.  For over half a decade, TV’s Greatest Of All Time was safe.  Sure, The Sopranos and Mad Men were in the conversation, but that conversation usually ended once David Simon’s trump card was introduced.  Today, that conversation just got a whole lot dicier.  Breaking Bad has ended, and in doing so, has forced us to reopen the discussion anew.

A new contender has arisen from the multitudes, and like its predecessor, it is a modern masterpiece of moral compromise.  Hitting the airwaves just weeks before The Wire took its final bow, Breaking Bad set out on the unprecedented journey of taking a warm, relatable hero and slowly transforming him into a villain, forcing the audience to question where their allegiances lay all the way down to the series’ final moments.  The Wire had forced us to reexamine the typical good guy/bad guy roles in an entirely different manner, by gradually exposing everyone as imperfect players in a broken system.  Ultimate takeaway?  Under the right circumstances, everyone eventually breaks bad, no matter what side of the wire you happen to be on.

Two great shows, but there can only be one G.O.A.T.  Let the breakdown begin.

Series Arc: It's actually kind of remarkable how similarly the arcs of each of these series mirror one another when you really think about it.  Both shows submitted pilots that instantly announced that this was going to be vastly different from anything you’d ever seen on television before.  They then proceeded in the early going as more of a slow burn, so much so that you may even have been inclined to protest to a new initiate, “just keep watching.  Things eventually pick up.”  And do they ever.  Both series then experienced polarizing sophomore seasons (the season on the docks was a departure to be sure, but also very necessary to the overall scope of the show. In Breaking Bad, it was the business with the pink teddy bear and the season long lead-up to the plane crash.  Over the top perhaps, but also an important and meaningful step along Walt’s transformation.)  Season three in each show is right around when we realized that we were witnessing something truly special.  Between the Stringer/Avon showdown and the Los Pollos Hermanos operation being in full swing, season three is when you probably started proselytizing the merits of these shows to your friends with an almost religious zeal.  Many a Netflix/on-demand/DVD binge was had between seasons three and four, as countless people at first curious to see what all the buzz was about were now full on hooked and desperate to be caught up before the start of the new season.  For each, season four catapulted the series from great drama to high art; there was no longer any doubt that we were witnessing something historic.  And then there was season five....

Final Season: It's not so much that The Wire’s final season was bad, just not quite up to the unprecedented, almost impossibly high standard it had previously set for itself.  Breaking Bad did what perhaps no other show ever has been able to accomplish, get better and better the closer it got to the end.  Whichever side you ultimately come down on (or maybe you’re just more of a Good Wife kinda guy), it seems almost impossible to argue with the fact that if nothing else, Breaking Bad had the most riveting, astonishing, and altogether masterful final season in television history.  While The Wire was stumbling to the finish line with invented serial killers and numbskull reporters, Breaking Bad seemed to raise the bar to ever staggering heights with every successive episode.  (Although the high water mark for me has to be the antepenultimate "Ozymandias", which might be the most harrowing, devastatingly brilliant hour ever committed to the small screen.)  Time and time again, we have seen great shows reduced to impotent shells of their former selves by not knowing when to pack it in (Lost, Dexter, 24).  Breaking Bad stepped away exactly as any show could ever hope to, with us all wanting more.

The worst thing you can say about the finale is that it ended perhaps a little too neatly, or a little too predictably.  (Just imagine the mind-blowing shock had we never received those flash-forwards to puzzle over for so many months.  All in all, I say it was a worthwhile peak.)  While "Felina" might not quite belong alongside the pantheonic conclusions of say Six Feet Under or The Shield, it might also be that after having raised the bar so incredibly high in the preceding handful of episodes nothing short of Citizen Kane: ABQ could have possibly lived up to our expectations.  (Actually that probably would have sucked pretty bad.  You’re telling me Heisenberg was just the name of his childhood sled?!!)

Acting: Again, this is to say nothing ill of the magnificent ensemble of The Wire, but come on, Bryan Cranston?!!  His performance of Walter H. White these past six years is simply in a whole other league, only so much as glimpsed by James Gandolfini and perhaps, depending on how these final 14 shake out, Jon Hamm.  The degree of difficulty here cannot be overstated.  Cranston literally played four characters in one: Walter White, Heisenberg, Heisenberg pretending to be Walter White (think the scene when he’s subtly encouraging Jesse to dump Andrea), and Walter White pretending to be Heisenberg.  With all the other assets Breaking Bad had going for it, it seems wrong to suggest that it couldn’t have succeeded without Cranston’s performance, but can you really see anyone else pulling this off?  Not a chance.  Idris Elba’s Stringer and Dominic West’s McNulty are iconic, even transcendent characters, but I can’t say with the same conviction that they absolutely could not have been pulled off by anyone else.

Speaking on the rest of the casts, it's almost mind-boggling how ridiculously deep these benches of talent were.  Aaron Paul, Anna Gunn, Dean Norris, Giancarlo Esposito, Jonathan Banks all got their Emmy nods or better.  As for The Wire, the fact that this series did not receive so much as one nomination throughout its run is the single greatest travesty in anything, ever.  Michael K. Williams’ Omar, Andre Royo’s Bubbles, Michael B. Jordan’s Wallace...just top notch up and down the line.

Significance/Importance: There’s a reason they teach a college course on The Wire at Harvard.  Even if you weren’t fully internalizing everything David Simon was serving up, you just knew that you were watching something important.  The Wire was social commentary at its most profound, a window into the all-too-overlooked world of poverty, drug addiction, urban dysfunction, and the twin engines of the streets and the government bureaucracy charged with policing it, each infected to its core by ambition, greed and corruptibility.  It was just about as real as any show has ever been; gritty and raw and unflinchingly honest. Breaking Bad, on the other hand, inhabited more of a hyper-reality, in which a healthy dose of suspension of disbelief was a required prerequisite.  I don’t mention this as a slight.  Heck, if you’re getting on Breaking Bad for not being realistic, you’re simply missing the point.  The world of Heisenberg was one of inflated reality, full of fantastical train heists and impossibly orchestrated prison murder sprees.  Its style is more Western than neo-realist.  The Wire was entertainment to be sure, but it was also a sociological treatise on our times.  While Breaking Bad no doubt had a lot to say about society, it was always first and foremost a show firmly committed to entertain.

Direction, Cinematography, and Music: As one of the last shows to still be shot on film, Breaking Bad often looked as impressive as anything being churned out of Hollywood.  Directors such as Michael Slovis, Rian Johnson and most notably Michelle MacLaren elevated the craft to a level heretofore unseen on the small screen.  The dazzling cook sequences, inventive camera work (think Roomba cam), awesome time-lapse shots, and magnificent landscape panoramas were truly things of beauty.  And then there’s Dave Porter’s scoring.  Whether it was the slow, trepidatious beat in "Crawl Space",  or the frenzied fury that accompanies Jessie’s attempted foray into arson, Porter was simply a virtuoso at taking an already tense situation and introducing just the right amount of sonic accompaniment to leave your heart positioned firmly in your throat. The Wire didn't suffer in these departments, it just was never really all that a part of the equation the way it was with its counterpart.  Reality didn’t need to be heightened by fancy camera work or scoring, and that’s perhaps the point.  Still, Bad wins this one running.

Comic Relief: It's amazing that two of the darkest, most brutal shows in recent memory could also be as hilarious as anything on television when they wanted to (or maybe you would have preferred it to just be like this).  Sustained tension needs to have built-in release points; to do otherwise would simply have been too punishing to audiences.  Of course, longtime comedian Bill Odenkirk was a revelation as Saul Goodman, and his cohort of fellow stand-ups Bill Burr (Kuby) and Lavell Crawford (Huell) were masters at diffusing the tension with some well placed laughs.  (see: Huell going all Scrooge McDuck on Walt’s bed of money)  Then there's the twin jesters Badger and Skinny Pete and that epic Star Trek script.  In The Wire, you have that classic scene with Bunk and McNulty communicating solely through the use of one four letter word in all its glory.  You had Rawls and Landsman excelling in verbal assholery, Clay Davis and his trademark other four letter word (although come to think of it, there had to have been six or seven i's in there), and hell even Stringer had his moments.  Which brings us to...

Epic Quotes: Man, so much to choose from.  Do you like Heisenberg's "Say my name" or Marlo's "My name is my name!"?  Jesse's "I’m the bad guy" or Omar's "I got the shotgun. You got the briefcase. It's all in the game though, right?" And then of course, we have the iconic “I am the one who knocks” monologue and the equally unforgettable "Where's Wallace at? Where the fuck is Wallace? Where's Wallace, String? STRING!"

The Verdict: When you get this far up on the totem pole, you almost want to stop and say ‘screw it, why can’t we just acknowledge that they were both great and be thankful that God saw fit to give us Vince Gilligan and David Simon and leave it at that'.  Cause that would just be a cop out, that’s why.  And frankly, if you haven’t noticed, ranking things is kind of what we do.  So at risk of offending one of my greatest loves, the show that up until very recently I touted as having an untouchable perch atop the TV pantheon, I have to admit that yes, indeed, a new GOAT has arisen.  Maybe in another decade, after some of the afterglow of its recent departure has dissipated, things will look differently.  Maybe an entirely new show will rise to overtake them both.  Maybe Boardwalk Empire or House of Cards will soon make that jump. Maybe Long Winter Sun will take---ummm, na maybe not.  For now, it's Breaking Bad, it's The Wire, and it's everybody else.
Written by Ben Pogany

Sometimes it's more than just a game.  Sport has the power to effect, and be effected by, the forces of history in ways that few other institutions can.  It can both incite and unite, change minds and inflame passions.  The following moments spilled over from the sports page to the front page, transcending the game to leave an indelible mark upon the course of history.

1)  Jackie Robinson debuts with the Brooklyn Dodgers, April 15, 1947----Dodgers owner Branch Rickey was looking for someone "with guts enough not to fight back." In that way, Jackie Robinson was the perfect person to break the color barrier: courageous, resilient, and perhaps most importantly, one hell of a ballplayer. America was fresh off victory in Europe, a society coming to terms with a changing identity and new, more prominent place in the world. For many, baseball seemed like the one constant to cling to, a haven existing outside of the changing times, symbolizing all that was right in American life. When a black man suddenly stepped up to the plate in one of America's most hallowed stadiums, in its biggest city, wearing the colors of one its most beloved teams, that haven seemed to be crumbling. Right away, Jackie became a lighting rod for vicious racially-motivated hostility, both from fans, opponents, and even some of his own teammates. Through it all, Jackie just continued to do what he knew best, play ball. His number 42 now adorns every major league stadium, retired to all players, a symbol of the shared impact he made not only on his sport, but on American life even to this day.

2)  Joe Louis vs Max Schmeling, June 22, 1938 ---- After beating Louis in 1936, German wunderkind Max Schmeling had ingratiated himself as Hitler's darling, a supposed paragon of Aryan superiority.  Two years later, Nazi fervor was at its peak and war was just over the horizon.  A rematch was scheduled that summer, taking on a world of meaning as a battle of both race and country in a preamble to the growing world conflict.  FDR himself chided "Joe, we need muscles like yours to beat Germany." The symbolism deepened as Schmeling's Nazi publicist announced that their prize money would go to build German tanks.  At Yankee Stadium, in front of over 70,000 spectators, the Brown Bomber resoundingly defeated Maximilian in just under 2 minutes to become a nationwide source of pride across racial lines.

3)  Massacre at the 1972 Munich Olympics, September 5, 1972 ----It was 4:30 AM on the night of September 5th, 1972, and the Israeli Olympic team were fast asleep in their apartments within Munich's Olympic Village after a night out. Suddenly, eight masked men burst in carrying assault rifles and grenades.  Despite putting up a fight, two Israelis were killed outright while nine others were taken hostage.  Claiming to represent the terrorist organization Black September, the kidnappers demanded the release and safe passage of over 200 predominately Palestinian prisoners jailed in Israel.  Refusing to negotiate, the Israeli and German authorities instead pretended to provide the terrorists transport to Cairo, planning to ambush them during the plane boarding. However, the rescue attempt was badly botched, and when the dust settled, 11 Israelis, 1 German, and 5 of the terrorists lay dead.

4)  Magic Johnson Announces that he's HIV positive, November 7, 1991 ---- "Because of the...the HIV virus that I have attained, I will have to retire from the Lakers...today." AIDS had finally thrust itself into the public consciousness in a way we could no longer ignore.  Previously cast aside as a disease exclusive to homosexuals and junkies, America was now forced to accept that AIDS was everybody's problem.  If it could happen to Magic, an athlete just about as beloved as they came, then surely it could happen to anyone.

5)  The Rugby World Cup in South Africa, June 1995 ---- A year after Nelson Mandela had been elected president, effectively bringing an end to South African apartheid, the country was thrust onto the world stage as hosts of the 1995 Rugby World Cup.  In a country still bearing the scars of a divided populace, to non-whites the national Rugby team, the Springboks, represented oppression and prejudice.  Mandela recognized that if he could bring about a shared pride in the national team, it would go a long way towards uniting the country. Slowly, whites and blacks alike began to rally around the Springboks as they knocked off one team after the other to ultimately face New Zealand, a team considered to be nearly invincible, in the finals.  As Mandela sported the Springbok colors, captain François Pienaar propelled his team to an improbable victory, bringing South Africans of all races together in a scene that only months earlier had seemed unthinkable.

6)
Muhammad Ali refuses to serve in Vietnam War, April 28, 1967 ---- The most popular and recognizable sports figure of his era, Muhammad Ali put his reputation, and freedom, on the line when he refused to accept his induction into the armed forces.  Arguing that the Vietnam War conflicted with his Muslim beliefs, Ali famously remarked "I ain't got no quarrel with them Viet Cong ... They never called me nigger."  Upon his refusal, Ali was immediately arrested, stripped of his title, and made to forfeit his boxing license.  Two months later, a jury found him guilty of refusing induction, a crime that carried the possibility of 5 years in prison and a $10,000 fine.  Through a series of appeals, the case made its way all the way up to the Supreme Court, where Ali was finally acquitted in Clay v. United States.
7) Colombian defender Andres Escobar scores an own goal in the 1994 World Cup, June 22, 1994 ---- "Our country's image was resting on our National team.  It was the banner we showed to the world,"  said Fernando Briito, Head of Intelligence for Colombian President Gaviria."  
Andres Escobar was the perfect centerpiece to that banner; handsome, innocent, and
beloved by all.
The 1994 World Cup was in many ways 
Colombia's coming out party, its national team arising from both relative obscurity internationally and drug-fueled chaos within.  Pablo Escobar had finally been taken down months earlier, and Colombia's people were desperate to create a national identity apart from its perception as the cocaine and crime capital of the world.
In an instant, the house of cards toppled.  Facing elimination against the United States, Andres slid to deflect a US cross only to have the ball wind up in the back of his own net, at once dashing Colombia's World Cup aspirations.  Just days later Andres was gunned down by his own countrymen, further cementing Colombia's seemingly inescapable image as a region ever tied to turmoil.  For more on this amazing story, check out the phenomenal documentary The Two Escobars by Jeff and Michael Zimbalist.

8)  Jack Johnson vs James Jeffries, July 4, 1910 ---- In the early 20th Century, Jack Johnson was the most well known African American on the planet, accumulating over 50 victories and capturing the World Heavyweight title in 1908 that had just a year earlier been off limits to blacks.  Racial outrage at this perceived injustice prompted a widespread call for a "Great White Hope" to take the title back for the white race.  One after the other fell to Johnson before the former undefeated heavyweight champion James Jeffries emerged from retirement, citing a feeling of obligation to "demonstrate that a white man is king of them all." So it was that on July 4, 1910, the match billed as "The Fight of the Century" took place in front of 20,000 people in Reno, Nevada.  Johnson pummeled Jeffries for 15 rounds before Jeffries' handlers called the fight, hoping to avoid the impending knockout that would further humiliate the supposed "Great White Hope." The outcome sparked riots across the country as black revelers clashed with angry whites, ultimately leading to 25 deaths.

9)  "Blood in the Water" match between Hungary and the USSR, December 6, 1956 ---- 1956 was drawing to a close, and while Hungarian athletes were off competing in the Melbourne summer games, back home their countrymen were still reeling from the devastating carnage of a failed revolution against the Soviet occupation.  When the Hungarian water polo team met the USSR in a hotly-contested semifinal match, it goes without saying that there was no love lost between the two bitter rivals.  Over the course of a brutally physical bout, the Hungarian nationals mounted a 4-0 lead.  Finally, the frenzy reached its breaking point when Soviet Valentin Prokopov struck Hungarian captain Ervin Zador, opening a bloody gash that immediately set off the Hungarian-dominated crowd into a near riot.  A victorious Hungary would go on beat Yugoslavia in the finals to win Olympic gold, restoring some semblance of dignity to an embattled nation.

10)  Pat Tillman leaves football to fight in Iraq, 2002 ---- A promising defensive back for the Arizona Cardinals, Pat Tillman would forgo a $3.6 million contract to instead serve his country. He took part in the initial invasion of Iraq before being deployed to Afghanistan, where on April 22, 2004, he was killed by friendly fire.  What followed was a cover-up that rose to the highest ranks of the military, as authorities scrambled to protect public perception of the war effort by purporting that Pat had died heroically as a result of enemy fire. Congressional inquiries would later prove that superiors had warned witnesses not to divulge the true nature of his death, ultimately contributing further to the growing distrust of government and anti-war sentiment.

--------------Honorable Mentions--------------
----Jesse Owens at the Berlin Olympics, August 1936
----The Miracle On Ice, February 22, 1980
----Tommy Smith and John Carlos give black power salute atop Olympic medal stand, October 16, 1968
----Len Bias dies of cocaine overdose, June 19, 1986
----All-black Texas Western defeats all-white Kentucky (including a young Pat Riley) in the 1966 NCAA men's basketball final, March 19, 1966
----The Battle of the Sexes, Billie Jean King vs Bobbie Riggs, September 20, 1973

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Written by Ben Pogany

After much deliberation, here are Definitive Dose's picks for the 100 most memorable, iconic, and downright quotable movie quotes of the past forty years....

  1. "Make him an offer he can't refuse."--The Godfather
  2. "May the force be with you"--Star Wars
  3. "Go ahead, make my day."--Sudden Impact
  4. "I do wish we could chat longer, but... I'm having an old friend for dinner."--Silence of the Lambs
  5. "The truth? You can't handle the truth!"--A Few Good Men
  6. "Bond. James Bond."--James Bond
  7. "Mama always said life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you're gonna get." --Forrest Gump
  8. "Heeeere's Johnny!"--The Shining
  9. "Say hello to my little friend!"--Scarface
  10. "If you have a milkshake and I have a milkshake and I have a straw and my straw reaches across the room and starts to drink your milkshake. I drink your milkshake! I drink it up!"--There Will Be Blood
  11. "I love the smell of napalm in the morning."--Apocalypse Now
  12. "My precious."--Lord of the Rings
  13. "But being as this is a .44 Magnum, the most powerful handgun in the world, and would blow your head clean off, you've got to ask yourself one question: Do I feel lucky? Well, do ya, punk?"--Dirty Harry
  14. "You talkin' to me?"--Taxi Driver
  15. "I'm as mad as hell and I'm not going to take this anymore!"--Network
  16. "Yippee kay-ay motherfucker"--Die Hard
  17. "And I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who would attempt to poison and destroy my brothers. And you will know my name is the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon thee."--Pulp Fiction
  18. "E.T.  Phone home" --E.T the Extra-Terrrestrial
  19. "Freeedooooom!!"--Braveheart
  20. "I see dead people." --The Sixth Sense
  21. "I'll be back." --Terminator
  22. "Houston, we have problem"--Apollo 13
  23. "Let me tell you this, the older you do get the more rules they're gonna try to get you to follow. You just gotta keep livin' man, L-I-V-I-N."--Dazed and Confused
  24. What's in the box?!!"--Se7en
  25. "Keep your friends close but your enemies closer."--The Godfather II
  26. "The greatest trick the Devil ever pulled was convincing the world he didn't exist. And like that, poof. He's gone."--The Usual Suspects
  27. "Greed, for lack of a better word, is good." --Wall Street
  28. "Show me the money!"--Jerry Maguire
  29. "Yes they deserve to die and I hope they burn in hell!!"--A Time to Kill
  30. "What's the most you ever lost on a coin toss?"--No Country For Old Men
  31. "Juuuuust a bit outside."--Major League
  32. "You're going to need a bigger boat" --Jaws
  33. "These go to eleven"--Spinal Tap
  34. "I have had it with these motherfuckin' snakes on this motherfuckin' plane!"--Snakes on a Plane
  35. "If you build it, he will come"--Field of Dreams
  36. "Yo, Adrian!"--Rocky
  37. "I guess it comes down to one choice really.  Get busy livin' or get busy dyin'"--The Shawshank Redemption
  38. "Are you not entertained?!!!!!" --Gladiator
  39. "Heineken?!! Fuck that shit.  Pabst Blue Ribbon!!--Blue Velvet
  40. "It's not your fault." --Good Will Hunting
  41. "Roads? Where we're going we don't need roads."--Back to the Future
  42. "Wax on.  Wax off."--The Karate Kid
  43. "I'm funny how, I mean funny like I'm a clown, I amuse you? I make you laugh, I'm here to fuckin' amuse you? What do you mean funny, funny how? How am I funny?"
    Goodfellas
  44. "Attica! Attica! --Dog Day Afternoon
  45. "I'm the king of the world!"--Titanic
  46. "King Kong ain't got shit on me!"--Training Day
  47. "I wanted to see exotic Vietnam... the crown jewel of Southeast Asia. I wanted to meet interesting and stimulating people of an ancient culture... and kill them."--Full Metal Jacket
  48. "This is your life and it's ending one minute at a time."--Fight Club
  49. "When I was your age they would say we can become cops, or criminals. Today, what I'm saying to you is this: when you're facing a loaded gun, what's the difference?"--The Departed
  50. "He's not the Messiah.  He's a very naughty boy!"--Life of Brian
  51. "Warriooors. Come out and plaaaay"--Warriors
  52. "I feel the need--the need for speed."--Top Gun
  53. "Aaaallllrighty then"--Ace Ventura
  54. "Now. Where was I?"--Memento
  55. "I like them French fried potaters."--Sling Blade
  56. "Why so serious?"--The Dark Knight
  57. "Just when I thought I was out, they pull me back in."--The Godfather III
  58. "I told that Kraut a fuckin thousand times, I don't roll on shabbos!!"--The Big Lebowski
  59. "There's no crying in baseball!" --A League of Their Own
  60. "Whoo-ah!"--Scent of a Woman
  61. "Pop quiz, hotshot. There's a bomb on a bus. Once the bus goes 50 miles an hour, the bomb is armed. If it drops below 50, it blows up. What do you do? What do you do?"--Speed
  62. "I don't know how to put this, but I'm kind of a big deal...people know me...I'm very important.  I have many leather-bound books and my apartment smells of rich mahogany."--Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy
  63. "Do you like scary movies?"--Scream
  64. "Life moves pretty fast. You don't stop and look around once in a while, you could miss it."--Ferris Bueller's Day Off
  65. "We have an old saying in Delta House: don't get mad, get even."--Animal House
  66. "I chose not to choose life. I chose somethin' else. And the reasons? There are no reasons. Who needs reasons when you've got heroin?"--Trainspotting
  67. "You have smoked yourself retarded"--Half Baked
  68. "I wish I knew how to quit you."  --Brokeback Mountain
  69. "I am serious.  And don't call me Shirley."  --Airplane!
  70. "It's good to be the king."--History of the World: Part 1
  71. "Hello.  My name is Inigo Montoya.  You killed my father.  Prepare to die! --The Princess Bride
  72. "Get in my belly."--Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me
  73. "I have no legs. I have no legs. I have no legs. I have no legs. May God bless you. I have no legs..."--Kids
  74. "That's right. I've killed women and children. I've killed just about everything that walks or crawled at one time or another. And I'm here to kill you, Little Bill, for what you did to Ned."--Unforgiven
  75. "You're killin me smalls"--The Sandlot
  76. "I am a golden god!"--Almost Famous
  77. "One time at band camp..."--American Pie
  78. "Bring out your dead."--Monty Python and the Holy Grail
  79. "America. Fuck yea!"--Team America: World Police
  80. "Look what ya did ya little jerk!"--Home Alone
  81. "Excuse me while I whip this out."--Blazing Saddles
  82. "RU-DY! RU-DY! RU-DY!"--Rudy
  83. "Just when I thought you couldn't possibly be any dumber, you go and do something like this...and completely redeem yourself!"--Dumb and Dumber
  84. "I have nipples, Greg, could you milk me?"--Meet the Parents
  85. "Nobody puts baby in a corner."--Dirty Dancing
  86. "Cinderella story.  Outta nowhere.  A groundskeeper, now about to become the Master's champion.  It looks like a mirac...It's in the hole! It's in the hole! It's in the hole!"--Caddyshack
  87. "We're on a mission from God."--The Blues Brothers
  88. "Beatlejuice!  Beatlejuice!  Beatlejuice!"--Beatlejuice
  89. "We had two bags of grass, seventy-five pellets of mescaline, five sheets of high-powered blotter acid, a saltshaker half-full of cocaine, and a whole galaxy of multi-colored uppers, downers, screamers, laughers... Also, a quart of tequila, a quart of rum, a case of beer, a pint of raw ether, and two dozen amyls. Not that we needed all that for the trip, but once you get locked into a serious drug collection, the tendency is to push it as far as you can."--Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
  90. "We came, we saw, we kicked it's ass."--Ghostbusters
  91. "You drop a pass, you run a mile. You miss a blocking assignment, you run a mile. You fumble the football, and i will break my foot off in your John Brown hind parts and then you will run a mile. Perfection. Let's go to work."--Remember the Titans
  92. "Free your mind, your ass will follow."--Platoon
  93. "Mr. Madison, what you've just said is one of the most insanely idiotic things I have ever heard. At no point in your rambling, incoherent response were you even close to anything that could be considered a rational thought. Everyone in this room is now dumber for having listened to it. I award you no points, and may God have mercy on your soul."--Billy Madison
  94. "Excuse me, I believe you have my stapler."--Office Space
  95. "To infinity, and beyond."--Toy Story
  96. "Come out, come out, wherever you are!"--Cape Fear
  97. "If you're gonna spew, spew into this."--Wayne's World
  98. "He may have advanced dilusionary schizophrenia with involuntary narcissistic rage.  But he is a very gentle person!"--Me, Myself, and Irene
  99. "Feel the rhythm!  Feel the rhyme!  Get on up, it's bobsled time! COOL RUNNINGS!"--Cool Runnings
  100. "Never underestimate the power of denial."--American Beauty

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Written by Ben Pogany
1) Sugar Ray Robinson (1940-1965) 
Middleweight, welterweight
Record: 175-19-6-2 (109 KOs)
World welterweight champion December 20, 1946 -- August 9, 1950
5-time World middleweight champion between 1951--1960
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1950
Defining Fight: St Valentine's Day Massacre vs. Jake LaMotta VI. February 14, 1951
2)  Henry Armstrong (1932-1945)
Featherweight, lightweight, welterweight
Record: 151-21-9 (101 KOs)
World featherweight champion October 29, 1937 -- September 12, 1938
World welterweight champion May 31, 1938 -- October 4, 1940
World lightweight champion August 17, 1938 -- August 22, 1939
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1940
Defining Fight:  vs. Lou Ambers. August 17, 1938
3)  Muhammad Ali (1960-1981)
Heavyweight
Record: 56-5 (37 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1960 Rome Olympics
Undisputed heavyweight champion February 25, 1964 -- September 19, 1964; February 6, 1967 -- April 28, 1967; October 30, 1974 -- February 15, 1978
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1965, 1974, 1975
Defining Fights: Thrilla in Manila v Joe Frazier III Oct 1, 1975
Rumble in the Jungle v George Foreman October 30, 1974
vs. Sonny Liston I. February 25, 1964
4)  Willie Pep (1940-1966)
Featherweight
Record: 230-11-1 (65 KOs)
World featherweight champion June 7, 1946 -- October 29, 1948; February 11, 1949 -- September 8, 1950
Defining Fights: vs. Sandy Saddler II. February 11, 1949
vs Chalky Wright I November 20, 1942
5)  Joe Louis (1934-1951)
Heavyweight
Record: 68-3 (54 KOs)
Undisputed heavyweight champion June 22, 1937 -- March 1, 1949
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1941
_vs. Billy Conn. June 18, 1941
_vs Max Schmeling II June 22, 1938
6)  Roberto Duran
(1968-2001)
Lightweight, welterweight, junior middleweight, middleweight
Record: 103-16 (69 KOs)
Undisputed lightweight champion January 21, 1978 -- January 1979
_vs. Sugar Ray Leonard I. June 20, 1980
_vs. Iran Barkley. February 24, 1989
7)  Sugar Ray Leonard (1977-1997)
Welterweight, junior middleweight, middleweight, super middleweight, light heavyweight
Record: 36-3-1 (25 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1976 Montreal Olympics
Undisputed welterweight champion September 16, 1981 -- February 15, 1982
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1976, 1979, 1981
_vs. Thomas Hearns I, September 16, 1981
_vs. Marvin Hagler. April 6, 1987
8)  Rocky Marciano (1947-1955)
Heavyweight
Record: 49-0 (43 KOs)
Undisputed heavyweight champion September 23, 1952 -- April 27, 1956
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1952
_vs. Jersey Joe Walcott. September 23, 1952
_vs. Ezzard Charles. September 17, 1954
9)  Floyd Mayweather Jr. (1996-Present)
Superfeatherweight, lightweight, light welterweight, welterweight, light middleweight
Record: 49-0 (26 KOs)
Bronze medalist at 1996 Atlanta Olympics
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 2007
10)  Archie Moore (1935-1963)
Light heavyweight, heavyweight
Record 183-23-10-1 (131 KOs)
Most knockouts in history
World light heavyweight champion December 17, 1952 -- October 1960
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1958
_vs. Yvon Durelle. December 10, 1958
11)  George Foreman (1969-1997)
Heavyweight
Record: 76-5 (68 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1968 Mexico City Olympics
Undisputed heavyweight champion January 22, 1973 -- October 30, 1974
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1973, 1994
_vs. Ron Lyle. January 24, 1976
12)  Julio César Chávez (1980-2005)
Super featherweight, lightweight, junior welterweight, welterweight
Record: 108-6-2 (87 KOs)
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1987
_vs. Meldrick Taylor I, March 17, 1990
13)  Ezzard Charles (1940-1959)
Middleweight, light heavyweight, heavyweight
Record: 96-25-1 (58 KOs)
Undisputed heavyweight champion September 27, 1950 -- July 18, 1951
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1949
14)  Marcel Cerdan (1934-1949)
Middleweight
Record: 111-4 (66 KOs)
World middleweight champion September 21, 1948 -- June 16, 1949
_vs Tony Zale September 21, 1948
15)  Marvin Hagler (1973-1987)
Middleweight
Record: 62-3-2 (52 KOs)
Undisputed middleweight champion September 27, 1980 -- June 6, 1987
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1983, 1985
16)  Rubén Olivares (1965-1988)
Bantamweight, featherweight
Record: 88-13-3 (78 KOs)
_vs. Chucho Castillo. April 18, 1970
17)  Manny Pacquiao (1995-Present)
Flyweight, super bantamweight, featherweight, super featherweight, lightweight, light welterweight, welterweight, light middleweight
Record: 57-6-2 (38 KOs)
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 2006, 2008, 2009
BWAA Fighter of the Decade: 2000's
Only boxer to ever win world titles in eight different weight classes
_vs Juan Manuel Marquez I. (Draw) May 8, 2004
18)  Sandy Saddler (1944-1957)
Featherweight, junior lightweight
Record: 144-16-2 (103 KOs)
World featherweight champion October 29, 1948 -- February 11, 1949; September 8, 1950 -- January 1957
19)  Pernell Whitaker
(1984-2001)
Lightweight, junior welterweight, welterweight
Record: 40-4-1-1 (17 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1984 Los Angeles Olympics
Undisputed lightweight champion August 11, 1990 -- January 18, 1992
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1989, 1993
20)  Joe Frazier (1965-1981)
Heavyweight
Record: 32-4-1 (27 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1964 Tokyo Olympics
Undisputed heavyweight champion February 16, 1970 -- January 22, 1973
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1969, 1971, 1975
_Fight of the Century vs. Muhammad Ali. March 8, 1971
21)  Jake LaMotta (1941-1954)
Middleweight
Record: 83-19-4 (30 KOs)
World middleweight champion June 16, 1949 -- February 14, 1951
_vs. Laurent Dauthuille. September 13, 1950
22)  Emilie Griffith (1958-1977)
Welterweight, junior middleweight, middleweight
Record: 85-24-2-1 (23 KOs)
Undisputed welterweight champion June 8, 1963 -- December 10, 1965
Undisputed middleweight champion September 29, 1967 -- March 4, 1968
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1963
23)  Eder Jofre (1957-1976)
Bantamweight, featherweight
Record: 72-2-4 (50 KOs)
World bantamweight champion November 18, 1960 -- April 4, 1963
24)  Carlos Monzón (1963-1977)
Middleweight
Record: 87-3-9-1 (59 KOs)
Undisputed middleweight champion November 7, 1970 -- February 9, 1974; June 26, 1976 -- July 30, 1977
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1972
_vs. Rodrigo Valdes. July 30, 1977
25)  Billy Conn (1935-1948)
Light heavyweight
Record: 64-12-1 (15 KOs)
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1939

26) Evander Holyfield (1984-2011)
Light heavyweight, cruiserweight, Heavyweight
Record: 44-10-2-1 (29 KOs)
Bronze medalist at 1984 Los Angeles games
Undisputed heavyweight champion October 25, 1990 -- November 13, 1992
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1990, 1996, 1997
_vs Dwight Muhammad Qawi July 12, 1986
_vs Mike Tyson I. November 9, 1996

27) Bernard Hopkins (1988-Present)
Middleweight, super middleweight, light heavyweight
Record: 55-7-2-2 (32 KOs)
Undisputed middleweight champion September 29, 2001 -- July 16, 2005
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 2001

28) Jose Napoles
(1958-1975)
Welterweight, middleweight
Record: 77-7 (54 KOs)
Undisputed welterweight champion April 18, 1969 -- December 3, 1970; June 4, 1971 -- May 1975

29) Tommy Hearns (1977-2006)
Welterweight, junior middleweight, middleweight, super middleweight, light heavyweight, cruiserweight
Record: 61-5-1 (48 KOs)
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1980, 1984

30) Larry Holmes (1973-2002)
Heavyweight
Record: 69-6-0 (44 KOs)
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1978
_ vs. Ken Norton. June 9, 1978

31) Roy Jones Jr. (1989-Present)
Middleweight, super middleweight, light heavyweight, heavyweight, cruiserweight
Record: 61-8-0 (44 KOs)
Silver medalist at 1988 Seoul Olympics
Undisputed light heavyweight champion June 5, 1999 -- September 7, 2002
BWAA Fighter of the Decade: 1990's

32) Oscar De La Hoya (1992-2008)
Super featherweight, lightweight, light welterweight, welterweight, light middleweight, middleweight
Record: 39-6 (30 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1992 Barcelona Olympics
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1995

33) Alexis Argüello (1968-1995)
Featherweight, junior lightweight, lightweight, junior welterweight
Record: 80-8 (64 KOs)
_vs. Ruben Olivares. November 23, 1974

34) Mike Tyson (1985-2005)
Heavyweight
Record: 50-6-0-2 (44 KOs)
Undisputed heavyweight champion August 1 1987 -- February 11, 1990
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1986, 1988

35) Pascual Pérez (1952-1964)
Flyweight
Record: 84-7-1 (57 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1948 London Olympics
World flyweight champion November 26, 1954 -- April 16, 1960

36) Ike Williams (1940-1955)
Lightweight
Record: 128-24-5 (60 KOs)
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1948

37) Salvador Sánchez (1975-1982)
Bantamweight, featherweight
Record: 44-1-1 (32 KOs)

38) Kid Gavilán (1943-1958)
Welterweight
Record: 108-30-5 (28 KOs)
World welterweight champion May 18, 1951 -- August 29, 1951; February 4 1952 -- October 20, 1954
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1953

39) Dick Tiger (1952-1970)
Middleweight, light heavyweight
Record: 60-19-3 (27 KOs)
Undisputed middleweight champion August 10, 1963 -- December 12, 1963; October 21, 1965 -- April 25, 1966
Undisputed light heavyweight champion December 16, 1966 -- May 24, 1968
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1962, 1966

40) Carmen Basilio (1948-1961)
Welterweight, middleweight
Record: 56-16-7 (27 KOs)
World welterweight champion June 10, 1955 -- March 14, 1956; September 12, 1956 -- February 22, 1957
World middleweight champion September 23, 1957 -- March 25, 1958
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1955, 1957
vs. Sugar Ray Robinson. September 23, 1957
vs. Johnny Saxton II. September 12, 1956

41) Aaron Pryor (1976-1990)
Light welterweight
Record: 39-1 (35 KOs)
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1982
_vs. Alexis Arguello I. November 12, 1982
_vs. Alexis Arguello II. September 9, 1983

42) Charley Burley (1936-1950)
Welterweight, middleweight
Record: 83-12-2-1 (50 KOs)

43) Fighting Harada (1960-1970)
Bantamweight
Record: 55-7-0 (22 KOs)
World flyweight champion October 10, 1962 -- January 12, 1963

44) Lennox Lewis (1989-2003)
Heavyweight
Record: 41-2-1 (32 KOs)
Gold medalist as 1988 Seoul Olympics
Undisputed heavyweight champion November 13, 1999 -- April 29, 2000
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1999

45) Marco Antonio Barrera (1989-2011)
Junior featherweight, featherweight, junior lightweight
Record: 67-7-0-1 (44 KOs)
_vs. Érik Morales III. November 27, 2004

46) Érik Morales (1993-2012)
Super bantamweight, featherweight, super featherweight, lightweight, light welterweight, welterweight
Record: 52-9 (36 KOs)
_vs. Marco Antonio Barrera I. February 19, 2000
_vs. Paulie Ayala. November 16, 2002

47) Manuel Ortiz (1938-1955)
Lightweight, featherweight, bantamweight
Record: 99-28-3 (53 KOs)
World bantamweight champion August 7, 1942 -- January 6, 1947; March 11, 1947 -- May 31, 1950

48) Michael Spinks (1977-1988)
Heavyweight, light heavyweight
Record: 31-1-0 (21 KOs)
Gold medalist at 1976 Montreal Olympics
Undisputed light heavyweight champion March 18, 1983 -- September 21 1985
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1976

49) Bob Foster (1961-1978)
Light heavyweight
Record: 56-8-1 (46 KOs)
Undisputed light heavyweight champion April 7, 1968 -- December 9, 1970; April 7, 1972 -- September 16, 1974
BWAA Fighter of the Year: 1968

50) Beau Jack (1940-1958)
Lightweight
Record: 88-24-5 (43 KOs)


Bubble: Carlos Zarate, Wilfredo Gomez, Miguel Canto, Wilfred Benitez, Sonny Liston
Written by Ben Pogany
Ok, so straight off the bat, that title is grossly misleading.  What I should have said is "The 50 Greatest Artists Whose Solo Careers Rival the Success of the Groups That Brought Them To Prominence", but frankly, that doesn't have quite the same ring to it (nor would it fit in the allotted space.)  In short, you won't being seeing the likes of Elvis or Dylan in the following rankings; these artists all had to begin their careers as a member of a well-known group before going solo.  Without further adieu, here are the 50 greatest encore acts since "Freebird".
  1. Michael Jackson (Jackson 5) It seems trite to just come right out and say that Michael Jackson was the King of Pop, but heck, if the shoe fits...  Ingratiating himself into the hearts of millions at the ripe old age of six, Michael would maintain his reign atop the entertainment universe for nearly half a century thereafter.
  2. Eric Clapton (The Yardbirds, John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers, Derek and the Dominos, Cream, Blind Faith) "Clapton is God."  So proclaimed a graffiti scrawled wall in Islington, London in 1967, and when it comes to guitar mastery, Clapton is indeed divine.  Eric Clapton was first introduced to the world playing for The Yardbirds, and from there he would never look back, hopping from one legendary group to the next before embarking on an independent career in the 1970s.  For all his efforts, Clapton would go on to achieve the distinction of being the only musician to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame three times.
  3. James Brown (The Famous Flames) Long overlooked as the mere backing group to this legendary showman, the Rock and Rock Hall of Fame finally came to its senses in 2012, taking the rare step to retroactively induct this vocal outfit into their ranks. Though it was clearly Brown that would come to put the "famous" in Famous Flames, way back in 1953 he was just another one of the guys with dreams of making the big time.  Brown in fact joined the group as a drummer before finding his way to the front of the stage, where he would remain for nearly fifty years until his death in 2006.
  4. 2Pac (Digital Underground) Initially getting his foot in the door as a roadie and backup "humpty" dancer for the Digital Underground, Tupac finally got a shot on the mic in "Same Song," appearing on the soundtrack to Dan Aykroyd's overwhelmingly horrific 1991 film Nothing But Trouble.  The late MC stuck around for one more album before dropping the now classic 2Pacalypse Now and the rest is history.
  5. Paul Simon (Simon and Garfunkel) Great as they were together, it was always clear that Art was the Robin to Simon's Batman.  So it went that Simon eventually had to go to do his own thing, penning such masterpieces as There Goes Rhymin' Simon and Graceland in the years that followed.  A true songwriting genius, he continues to enchant audiences from Central Park to Wembley.
  6. Paul McCartney (The Beatles) Ok so yea, if we're strictly restricting this list to artists whose solo careers outshone or at least rivaled the bands that brought them to prominence, it's pretty much impossible to include any Beatle.  The Beatles were, and remain, the most successful, influential and popular band of all time, so essentially that bar could not possibly be any higher to surpass.  However, for Paul, John, and George, we just have to make some exceptions.  True masters of their craft, it proved only natural that they would carry that brilliance over to their subsequent solo careers, and did they ever.  Not even counting his work with Wings, Paul released a ridiculous 20 gold and platinum albums.  Were it not for the fact that he was always in the shadow of his Fab Four days, it would be hard to deny that McCartney rivals only MJ for the most successful solo artist of all time.
  7. John Lennon (The Beatles) Post Beatles, John Lennon evolved into perhaps the most socially significant artist of the seventies, becoming almost a figurehead for the anti-war movement.  So compelling was his message, he was actually subject to deportation efforts by President Nixon.  Though his life would be tragically be cut short just ten years after his departure from the band that made him a legend, his all too short solo career further cemented his status as a true revolutionary of his time.
  8. Marvin Gaye (The New Moonglows) A pioneering R&B and doo-wop group, The Moonglows would descend into turmoil by the late 1950's as power struggles among lead singers Harvey Fuqua and Bobby Lester made any further collaboration all but an impossibility. The death-knell came when Fuqua discovered a nineteen-year-old talent named Marvin Gaye, prompting him to ditch his old bandmates and absorb Gaye's little-known Marquees to form what he would dub The New Moonglows in 1959.  Now awarded the platform he'd been long searching for, Gaye soon inked a deal Motown, the label that would ultimately turn him into the crown prince of soul.
  9. Curtis Mayfield (The Impressions)
  10. Diana Ross (The Supremes) Once named the female entertainer of the century by Billboard Magazine, Ross has won just about every award but a Pulitzer since she first entered the public eye in 1959.  With a career eighteen #1 records to her name, she has lead the way in everything from classic doo-wop to disco to modern pop.
  11. Dr. Dre (World Class Wreckin' Crew, NWA) When you really stop and think about it, is there anyone who had has more impact upon the entire course of hip hop than Dr. Dre?  Sure he's no Pac behind the mic, but the guy has literally had his hand in almost ever major trend in the history of the genre.  His illustrious career began as a member of the World Class Wreckin' Crew, a mid-eighties electro-rap group who, though less well known than many of their contemporaries, were every bit a part of that old school vanguard that helped shape the infant genre (Does it get any more old school than this get-up?) With N.W.A., he was the backbone of the group that introduced gangsta rap to the masses, both shocking and terrifying middle America with their raw, unapologetic treatise on life in South Central L.A.  With The Chronic, he refined and perfected the West Coast sound, while at the same time launching the prolific career of Snoop Dogg.  Years later, he would do the same for Eminem and 50 Cent, updating his world class beat-making for a new generation of hip hop fans.  Producing classic tracks for his proteges on albums such as The Slim Shady LP and Get Rich or Die Tryin', he would soon pour those same efforts into his own record, releasing the phenomenal Chronic 2001 that now featured songs suited more for the club than the low-rider.  His supposed magnum opus Detox continues to elude consummation after eleven painstaking years, but when it does, we can only assume that it will only further affirm the unrivaled legacy of this tremendous hip hop trendsetter.
  12. Sam Cooke (The Soul Stirrers) Forming all the way back in the mid-1920's, the gospel-based Soul Stirrers would not add the talents of Sam Cooke until well into their third decade.  Tasked with the daunting burden of having to replace lead singer R.H. Harris in 1950, Cooke more than rose to the challenge, spurring the Stirrers on to even greater heights with hits like "Jesus Gave Me Water" and "Peace in the Valley." In 1957, Cooke struck out on his own, moving from gospel to a more secularized form of soul music.  Among his classic soul standards, he would record one of the seminal protest songs of the civil rights movement in "A Change is Gonna Come."
  13. Neil Young (Buffalo Springfield)
  14. Tina Turner (Ike and Tina Turner)
  15. Justin Timberlake (N'Sync) When your initial group sells 28 million records, some might say you've hit your peak.  When that group happens to be N'Sync, others might insist that there's no where to go but up. Nowadays, its hard to deny the former teen idol his just dues, both as a legitimate music producer and SNL revelation.
  16. Janis Joplin (Big Brother & the Holding Company)
  17. George Harrison (The Beatles)
  18. Beyoncé (Destiny's Child)
  19. Van Morisson (Them) In truth, when compiling this list, I myself had no idea Van Morisson first broke out with a group, nor had I any idea who that group was.  After an exhaustive search (ok, so I Wikipedia'd him), I determined that Them had indeed existed for two years in the mid-sixties, and even had a handful of charting singles (go figure).  I can only imagine they likely pailed in comparison to classics like "Brown-Eyed Girl", "Moondance", and "Domino," making Van among the artists on this list who put the farthest distance between his previous and subsequent solo career.
  20. George Michael (Wham!) On second thought, let's put George Michael right up there with Morisson for people whose solo status truly dwarfed that of their initial group, albeit the fact that Wham! is considerably more well know than those other guys (what was their name again?).  Seriously, who doesn't know all the words to "Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go?" (Be honest)  Michael dropped the duo after four years, and only went on to sell another 75 million records.  Though he will perhaps always be remembered for that infamous bathroom incident, George Michael has been a true titan of the industry for over a generation.
  21. Peter Gabriel (Genesis) Back when MTV actually meant music television, Gabriel's "Sledgehammer" practically played on repeat.  It remains the most played video in the history of the station.
  22. Ozzy Osbourne (Black Sabbath) When you get fired from Black Sabbath for doing too much drugs, you know you're doing one whole hell of a lot of drugs.  Replaced by Ronnie James Dio in 1979, The Prince of Darkness didn't miss a beat, venturing into even darker waters with hard rock standards like Blizzard of Ozz and Bark at the Moon.  40 years, 11 albums, a bat head, and 1 weirdly captivating reality show later, Ozzy continues to remain (somehow) alive and prospering.
  23. Jeff Beck (The Yardbirds) Kind of crazy to think that three of the top five or six guitarists of all time played for the same band, but that's exactly how stacked the Yardbirds were.  Of course, it was only a matter of time before that talent became to large for one band to contain.  Jimmy Page would land himself a gig with Led Zeppelin, Clapton went off to play with John Mayall, and Jeff Beck would form his own supergroup of sorts, The Jeff Beck Group, which featured our #29 man Rod Stewart and current Stones' bassist Ronnie Wood.  Beck would release his first solo album in 1975 and an eleventh in 2010, all showcases of unadulterated guitar resplendency.
  24. Phil Collins (Flaming Youth, Genesis) Along with Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney, Collins is one of only three artists to have sold over 100 million albums both individually and as part of a group.
  25. Smokey Robinson (The Miracles)
  26. Kenny Rodgers (The First Edition) Before he was The Gambler, Kenny Rogers was a little-known bassist and singer for a psychedelia-leaning rock group called The First Edition, a gig he would remain with for almost a decade.  They would peak with the 1967 release of "Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition Was In)". (Say friend, ya got any more a that good sarsaparilla?)
  27. Lionel Ritchie (The Commodores) Please help
  28. Frank Zappa (The Mothers of Invention)
  29. Rod Stewart (The Jeff Beck Group, The Faces) When the Faces entered the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame this past April, Stewart joined Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, George Harrison, Michael Jackson, John Lennon, Curtis Mayfield, Paul McCartney, Clyde McPhatter, Paul Simon, and Neil Young as the only artists to be inducted both individually and as a member of a group.
  30. Ice Cube (NWA)
  31. Lou Reed (The Velvet Underground) Like the Beatles clan, its hard to really contend that Lou Reed in any way approached the legacy of The Velvet Underground.  Still, for sheer musical brilliance, I can't in good conscience leave Lou off this list.  Reed released over twenty albums after his departure from the Underground, continuing to push the boundaries and confound critics (the guy effin' released a double album of feedback!) well into the 21st century.
  32. Bobby Womack (Valentinos)
  33. Clyde McPhatter (Billy Ward & the Dominos, The Drifters)
  34. Morrissey (The Smiths)
  35. Sting (The Police)
  36. Stevie Nicks (Fleetwood Mack)
  37. Billy Idol (Generation X)
  38. Joe Walsh (James Gang)
  39. Peter Tosh (The Wailers)
  40. Elliott Smith (Heatmiser) The tenth person on this list to die young (see: Jackson, Pac, Lennon, Cooke, Gaye, Joplin, Zappa, Tosh, and McPhatter), Smith went out in just about the most unfathomably horrific way possible- by stabbing himself through the heart.  Still, his haunting, angst-laden melodies live on as testaments to the power of the human voice.
  41. Ted Nugent (The Amboy Dukes) While you might not agree with his politics, its hard to deny the stranglehold The Motor City Madman has had on rock audiences the past 35 years.  With a righteous 30 million albums sold to date, Nugent continues to be a fixture of concert halls, NRA conventions, and Glenn Beck rallies everywhere.  
  42. Wyclef Jean (The Fugees)
  43. Lauren Hill (The Fugees) Ok, so she's really only released a single studio album before essentially going into hiding, but when that album ends up being a modern classic of its genre, you have to get at least a nod with the 43rd spot in our countdown.
  44. Peter Frampton (The Herd, Humble Pie) Gotta love that talk box...
  45. George Clinton (Parliament/Funkadelic)
  46. Lil Wayne (Hot Boys)
  47. John Fogerty (Creedance Clearwater Revival) After a less than amicable break-up with CCR in 1972, Fogerty went on to become the only artist to ever be accused of plagiarizing himself.
  48. Bobby Brown (New Edition)
  49. Busta Rhymes (Leaders of the New School) In one of the more awkward music moments to be captured on film, in 1993 the world got to witness a hip hop group breaking up in real time, as tensions over Busta's monopolization of the spotlight came to a head right in middle of an episode of Yo! MTV Raps.
  50. Steve Winwood (The Spencer Davis Group, Blind Faith, Traffic)
Other notable solo careers:
Don Henley (The Eagles), KRS One (Boogie Down Productions), Glen Frey (The Eagles,) David Crosby (The Byrds, Crosby Still & Nash), Bryan Ferry (Roxy Music), Robert Plant (Led Zeppelin), Brian Eno (Roxy Music), David Byrne (The Talking Heads), Bootsy Collins (Parliament/Funkadelic), Les Claypool (Primus), Method Man (Wu-Tang), RZA (Wu-Tang), GZA (Wu-Tang), Raekwon (Wu-Tang), Ghostface Killah (Wu-Tang), Ol' Dirty Bastard (Wu-Tang), Gwen Stefani (No Doubt), Fergie (Black Eyed-Peas), Natalie Merchant (10,000 Maniacs), Everlast (House of Pain), Rob Zombie (White Zombie), Bjork (The Sugarcubes), Eric Burdon (The Animals, War), David Johansen aka Buster Poindexter (New York Dolls), Rick Springfield (Zoot), Linda Ronstadt (The Stone Poneys)
Written by Ben Pogany
1) Celtics- Founded in 1946. 17 championships and 21 conference titles.
Last Championship: 2008 (1 this century)
All-Time Winning %: .589 (3rd)
All-Time Wins: 3,274 (1st)
Playoff Appearances: 54 (2nd)
Hall of Famers: 31
Defining Voice: Johnny Most
Defining Coach: Red Auerbach
Legends: Bill Russell, Larry Bird, Bob Cousy, John Havlicek, Paul Pierce
2) Lakers- Founded in 1946. Formerly the Detroit Gems and then the Minneapolis Lakers (Hence the name Lakers from the "Land of 10,000 Lakes.") 16 championships and 31 conference titles.
Last Championship: 2010 (6 this century)
All-Time Winning %: .598 (2nd)
All-Time Wins: 3,261 (2nd)
Playoff Appearances: 60 (1st)
Hall of Famers: 21
Defining Voice: Chick Hearn
Defining Coach: Phil Jackson
Legends: Magic Johnson, Jerry West, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Kobe Bryant, Elgin Baylor
3) Bulls- Founded in 1966. 6 championships and 6 conference titles.
Last Championship: 1998
All-Time Winning %: .522 (8th)
All-Time Wins: 2,107 (13th)
Playoff Appearances: 35 (tied for 8th)
Hall of Famers: 9
Defining Voice: Johnny Kerr
Defining Coach: Phil Jackson
Legends: Michael Jordan, Scottie Pippen, Bob Love, Artis Gilmore, Derrick Rose
4) Spurs- Founded in 1967 as the Dallas Chaparrals (Chaparral refers to a type of shrub land).  Became Texas Chaparrals in 1970 before taking present name in 1973. 5 championships and 6 conference titles.
Last Championship: 2014 (4 this century)
All-Time Winning %: .603 (1st)
All-Time Wins: 2,445 (9th)
Playoff Appearances: 45 (tied for 5th)
Hall of Famers: 7
Defining Voice: Terry Stembridge
Defining Coach: Gregg Popovich
Legends: Tim Duncan, George Gervin, David Robinson, Tony Parker, Avery Johnson
5) Warriors- Founded in 1946 as the Philadelphia Warriors before moving to San Francisco in 1962.  Took their present name in 1971. 5 championships and 8 conference titles.
Last Championship: 2017
All-Time Winning %: .461 (22nd)
All-Time Wins: 2,657 (6th)
Playoff Appearances: 33 (tied for 9)
Hall of Famers: 14
Defining Voice: Tim Roye
Defining Coach: Al Attles
Legends: Wilt Chamberlain, Rick Barry, Chris Mullin, Steph Curry, Nate Thurmond, Paul Arizin
6) 76ers- Founded in 1939 as the Syracuse Reds before changing their name to the Nationals in 1946.  They took their present title in 1963, after the year the Declaration of Independence was signed.  3 championships and 9 conference titles.
Last Championship: 1983
All-Time Winning %: .511 (11th)
All-Time Wins: 2,754 (3rd)
Playoff Appearances: 47 (3rd)
Hall of Famers: 14
Defining Voice: Marc Zumoff
Defining Coach: Billy Cunningham
Legends: Julius Erving, Charles Barkley, Allen Iverson, Hal Greer, Dolph Shayes
7) Pistons- Founded in 1941 as the Fort Wayne Pistons. 3 NBA championships and 7 conference titles.
Last Championship: 2004 (1 this century)
All-Time Winning %: .487 (18th)
All-Time Wins: 2,653 (7th)
Playoff Appearances: 41 (7th)
Hall of Famers: 16
Defining Voice: George Blaha
Defining Coach:
Chuck Daly
Legends: Isiah Thomas, Bob Lanier, Dennis Rodman, Joe Dumars, Dave Bing
8) Knicks- Founded in 1946. 2 championships and 8 conference titles
Knicks is short for knickerbockers, referring to a men's trouser popular in New York City in the early 20th century.
Last Championship: 1973
All-Time Winning %: .492 (17th)
All-Time Wins: 2,732 (4th)
Playoff Appearances: 42 (6th)
Hall of Famers: 17
Defining Voice: Marv Albert
Defining Coach: Red Holzman
Legends: Walt Frazier, Earl Monroe, Patrick Ewing, Willis Reed, Dave DeBusschere
9) Heat- Founded in 1989.  3 Championships and 5 Conference titles.
Last Championship: 2013 (3 this century)
All-Time Winning %: .520 (10th)
All -Time Wins: 1,211 (24th)
Playoff Appearances: 19 (23rd)
Hall of Famers: 1
Defining Voice: Tony Fiorentino
Defining Coach: Erik Spoelstra
Legends: LeBron James, Dwyane Wade, Alonzo Mourning, Glen Rice, Tim Hardaway
10)
Rockets- Founded in 1967 as the San Diego Rockets before moving to Houston in 1971. 2 championships and 4 conference titles.
Last Championship: 1995
All-Time Winning %: .520 (9th)
All-Time Wins: 1,955 (13th)
Playoff Appearances: 31 (13th)
Hall of Famers: 10
Defining Voice: Bill Worrell
Defining Coach: Rudy Tomjanovich
Legends: Hakeem Olajuwon, Moses Malone, Clyde Drexler, Calvin Murphy, Elvin Hayes


Quick Facts:
--The Timberwolves trail all teams with a .391 winning percentage.
--The Clippers are by far the most career games under 500 with an all-time record of 1520-2286.
--The Kings suffer the longest championship drought in the league, having not won a title since the 1950-51 season (as the then Rochester Royals).
--Five teams were established prior to the '89 expansion and have yet to win a title: the Nuggets, Jazz, Suns, and Clippers.
--Two teams have an all-time winning record and have yet to win a championship: the Suns (.541) and Jazz (.537).
--Four teams remain from the ABA: the Spurs, Pacers, Nuggets, and Nets.
--The Knicks and Celtics are the only two teams present at the NBA's founding to remain in their original city.  Teams that have retained both their original name and city since their founding include the Boston Celtics, New York Knicks, Chicago Bulls, Cleveland Cavaliers, Dallas Mavericks, Miami Heat, Milwaukee Bucks, Minnesota Timberwolves, Orlando Magic, Phoenix Suns, Portland Trail Blazers, Toronto Raptors, and Charlotte Bobcats.

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